Imphal, Jun 17: Underground outfits maintaining ceasefire and suspension of operation with the government of India and army establishments are still actively involved in extortion and other criminal activities in Manipur, a report of the state government has said.
An official source disclosing the report said that though the NSCN(IM) and NSCN(K) are under ceasefire agreement with the government of India, they are actively involved in extortion and other criminal activities in Manipur.
Likewise, the underground outfits belonging to Kuki, Hmar, Paite and other tribes who have entered into suspension of operation understanding with the army and Assam Rifles are also involved in extortion and subversive activities, the state government analysis has said, according to the report.
More than 20 underground outfits are operating actively in Manipur with eight rival groups. Kuki based undergrounds are the highest on the list followed by five Meetei based outfits. Four different Naga based outfits are also operating along with two each of Zomi and Hmar outfits and one Muslim based outfit.
Continuing activities of the insurgent groups in the form of extortion, kidnapping, ambushes and encounters with the security forces, killing of civilians and security personnel, and indulging in criminal activities have remained a constant threat to the security scenario of the state, it said.
Of late, the report said large scale counter insurgency operations in both hills and valley areas have resulted in some underground militants crossing the international border towards Myanmar from where they operate and some undergrounds are seeking refuge in the foothills bordering the valley districts where they have set up temporary base camps.
Detaining or kidnapping for ransom is increasingly being resorted to also, the report said.
A large number of undergrounds have been arrested and many of them have been killed. Though the situation on the surface appears to be calm, the activities are continuing causing insecurity in the minds of the general public, the report observed.
The source also said that the presence of security forces like the army, Assam Rifles, BSF and CRPF is very useful in containing the underground activities. The security forces are operating under the authority of the Armed Forces Special Powers Act which is in force in the state and if the act is withdrawn from the state, it may not be possible for the security forces to continue their operations as is being conducted presently, it observed.
The role of the civil police, Manipur Rifles and IRB in maintaining normal law and order and containing the underground activities is not by itself enough to give a foolproof security environment in the state, the report stated, the source added.